Farming and Heart Condition Warning Signs

Many farmers think of themselves as pretty tough characters.

They like to think that many forms of cardiac problem are a symptom of unhealthy city lifestyles and to some extent, that’s correct. However, farmers are NOT immune from heart conditions.

Here are some signs that should give you a little cause for concern and suggest that you should seek the opinion of a doctor or other qualified healthcare professional.

Please note: What follows is only generalist information and it is not qualified medical advice. You must contact a doctor or similar if you wish to have comprehensive information and assessment of your condition and risks.

1. Breathlessness. This condition can arise for any one of many minor reasons but it can also be a symptom of pending coronary problems. You should be particularly alert to attacks of breathlessness that appear to be linked to no obvious cause, such as recovering from running.

2. Chest pains. Contrary to what is sometimes shown on TV, many early warning chest pain signs relating to cardiac causes are in the very upper chest regions almost at the base of the throat and neck. They can also be felt in the upper arms and top of the back. Sometimes the pain can travel down the (usually) left arm. They are not always extreme or agonising. If you’re suffering such symptoms at times, get them checked out. It’s probably just your chest muscles but it’s better to be sure.

3. Feelings of impending crisis. This is very hard to describe but many people who have experienced heart attacks report it as a precursor symptom. It’s just a sensation that something is “not right” inside and can feel like a form of fear or panic when there is no obvious cause or other symptom.

4. Stomach unease and hot flushes. These are most likely to do with that over-strong curry you had last night but they can also indicate coronary issues.

5. Palpitations. Some forms of palpitation are relatively harmless, if sometimes distressing and uncomfortable. In many cases, their exact cause is never diagnosed. Again though, just as with some of the above symptoms, they may be an early sign that something’s not right with the ‘old ticker’ and should be investigated.

6. Fatigue. It’s hardly unusual for hard-working farmers to feel a bit fatigued after a hard few hours’ work on that zero turn mower, tractor or krone hay making equipment etc. That’s perfectly normal. However, if you find you’re feeling tired and exhausted when you haven’t been doing very much, that’s not usually a good sign. It might just indicate you need a few good nights of sleep, a bit less stress in your life or to ease up on whatever tipple it is that takes your fancy but it might also indicate other conditions, including coronary ones, if it’s happening regularly.

5 Incredibly Useful Mushroom Spawn for Sale Tips For Small Businesses

A farming business that readily includes mushroom spawns can reap bigger returns and profits in the long run. This is because in just a few weeks one can get the mushrooms that can be quickly sold. In addition to growing them is comparatively easy. It is conventionally easier for one another aspect, and that is it does not require a vast acreage of land to be grown even in large quantities. Any of the mushroom types can be grown traditionally either outdoors or on logs. The spawn can be easily bought from the best suppliers who have substrate and growing media in it and come fully colonized. Hence this shall be of great help. Here are the incredibly useful tips for sale.

1. Getting substrate and spawn

For culturing one must get mushroom spawn for sale. Using a sterile culture one’s spawn can be easily produced. The ready to buy spawn that is already inoculated is also available by some very efficient suppliers. Though anyone can also make their spawn that can render high costs of start-up. Therefore using ready spawns is the way to go. The substrate can also be bought, or wood chips and straw can be utilized.

2. Preparing substrate

After having received the mushroom spawn for sale, the preparation for substrate needs to be done. Thus the straw needs to be chopped and wetted well. After having soaked the hay, it is advisable that in a boiling water pot these pieces of straw must be heated. The boiling has to be continued and straw pieces removed.

3. Packing bags

In this stage, the plastic bags must be packed with spawn and straw. Two to three inches of straw must be packed into the bag made of plastic, and the spawn must be evenly sprinkled on top. This process has to be repeated while the bag is almost filled after that holes have to be poked and the top closed.

4. Incubating

At this stage, it is the right time to nurture. The temperature of the growing area must be maintained around more than seventy degrees Fahrenheit. The bags then have to be placed on shelving units. There should be provisions made so that natural light may not enter. Every crack in the window and the windows itself must be covered completely. A darkroom light red must be used to check on it. After a few days, tiny pinheads of mushrooms shall be noticeable near the made holes.

5. Fruiting it

A high level of humidity is the prime requisite for mushroom spawns to be bigger mushrooms. The required temperature ought to be more than sixty degrees Fahrenheit. Unlike incubation loads of light is needed in this phase. The mycelium finally needs to be shocked that shall force produce mushrooms

Getting to business and selling it

Strawberry Farming – In Kenya

Did you know that from an eighth acre piece of land, you could reap as much as Ksh 100000 per month doing straw berry Farming?

The most popular category of strawberries that is planted by most farmers in Kenya is the Chandler type since it is fast growing, produces big fruits that are tastier and juicier and the plant is easy to manage. The seedlings may be expensive but there is a way round this since one can simply propagate a few seedlings to get more seedlings to plant on their farming space.

The seedlings come in the form of splits which could cost at least Ksh 15/= per split which you can acquire from Kalro Njoro/Thika, Horticulture directorate or Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils (Egerton University). These institutions produce quality planting materials.

Soil Preparation

To start with, this variety of strawberry is not so choosy with soils, it can do well both in clay soils and red volcanic soils provided you treat the soil well before planting and add enough organic manure(Chicken refuse, rabbit urine and/or plant manure. Inorganic manure which is good for top dressing can be used in later stages of the plant development.

The seedlings should be planted at the end of the Rainy season and incorporation of a good drip irrigation system on your small piece of land is essential for better results. in the event that you cannot afford this system, you can opt for the sprinkler irrigation system or just buy a sprinkler can and do the watering yourself but this would consume so much of your time and energy as the soil needs to be moist at all times. The plant has shallow roots and therefore water is critical survival element.

Raise the soil in your piece of land into beds that run parallel to each other 60 centimeters apart. While planting, ensure that there is a 30 cm distance from one split to the other.

Choose areas that receive enough sunlight as the plants are very reactive with frost.

During the first season of flower production, pinch of the flowers to ensure better berry production the next season.

Introduce mulch as the plant grows 2 cm above the ground to help control weeds.

Diaznon, Kelthane and other appropriate acaracides and pesticides can help control pests and diseases.


Harvest when the top of the berries are completely red. Once picked out, it doesn’t continue ripening as other fruits. This fruit is however highly perishable and refrigeration at a constant 4 Degrees Celsius can help keep them fresh for seven days. Note that you should not wash or allow contact with water to the berries unless you are ready to eat. Picking the fruit during morning hours also increases shelf life.

Because the fruit is highly perishable, ensure that you have a ready market before the harvesting period reaches.

The direct community would be a good place to start marketing your strawberries. Local fruit stores, restaurants and other small users such as cake makers are also good buyers of strawberries in Kenya. Industries which produce food flavors, natural flavored yogurt, jam etc also buy strawberries.